Monday, August 6, 2012


Director, George Lucas standing between a '58 Impala & a '66 Citroen across the street from Mels.
When it comes to eateries, the name "MELS" instantly strikes a familiar chord with anyone who is a fan of George Lucas' classic, American Graffiti.  The original drive-in that was a distinctive element in the 1973 film, is sadly, no longer standing.  However, thanks to the everlasting popularity of Lucas' tribute to his teenage years, the intriguing original structure, that once stood in a large parking lot in San Francisco, has become an icon and will continue to be the object of intrigue, fascination, and appreciation, for folks like myself, for a long, long time.  So, it is with this self-professed “obsession” that my next two entries in Kip Pullman's American Graffiti Blog will be the subject of, (and a tribute to), the original MELS DRIVE-IN.



Anyone who has seen the 1973 film, American Graffiti remembers the large neon sign buzzing in the background exclaiming, Mels Drive-in.  Burger City or Mels was the hub of the gang's activities and the place where the kids in the film converged. At the beginning of Graffiti, the main characters are all introduced one-by-one, as each shows up at the local carhop drive-in.   Even though the story allegedly takes place in Modesto, California, the scenes at the carhop eatery were actually filmed at the very first Mels drive-in, formerly located at 140 South Van Ness Avenue in San Francisco, California.

Although Texas was fertile ground for the very first drive-in restaurant, the state of California is where the concept first really took off.  Warm climate made eating in one's car convenient, consequently most drive-ins in California first appeared in the southern portion of the state.  However, in 1947 when the post-World War II economy was booming, Mel Weiss along with San Francisco lawyer and politician, Harold Dobbs opened the first drive-in restaurant in San Francisco.  According to Dobb's 1994 obituary in the San Francisco Chronicle, the restaurant was constructed by his father who was a professional carpenter.

Mel Weiss (far right) & unidentified others stand proudly at the entrance of the new restaurant.

 In a 1991 interview with the Modesto Bee, Mel Weiss recalled that when the carhop eatery first opened they only expected modest success.  However, much to their surprise the restaurant was a hit from the start.  "We did $120,000 the first month," he recalled.  If Mr. Weiss recollections are correct, the drive-in’s first months gross almost paid for the cost of building the entire restaurant. The cost of building the super drive-in was approximately $135,000.

The original location of Mels drive-in was at 140 South Van Ness Avenue near Mission Street and was the perfect location.  It consisted of ample grounds, attractively landscaped with the capacity for 110 cars, and a two-story rectangular building.  The distinctive Streamline Moderne structure had great expanses of glass that wrapped around the circular dining portion of the building and a foundation of orange tile. It's round shape suggested the mobility of a flying saucer ready to spin off into outer space.  And, like the aerodynamic wing of a jet, a roofing canopy (with smooth edges and recessed lighting) stretched alongside the rectangular portion of the building to cover cars. During the later part of the 50s, the appearance of automobiles with flared, rocket-like tailfins were a perfect match for the building’s mobility imprinted design.

With an indoor customer capacity of 75 people, the interior was typical diner style with plenty of Formica tabletops and booths framed in chrome and upholstered with orange Naugahyde. In the center of the main floor, a row of stools faced a circular dining counter that wrapped around two complete soda fountains and a battery of pie cases and coffee urns. The original cooker had the ability to turn out 180 hamburgers per minute. A large staff of cooks, dishwashers, and servicemen were part of the Mels staff that kept their business thriving.

 As many as 14 girl carhops prompted fast service and many repeat customers.

The 1948 fire map above shows that Mels drive-in (highlighted area) was surrounded by a used car dealership, service station, welding shop and other businesses with streets that received plenty of traffic.  The property included a huge parking lot to accomidate many customers.


Sometime around 1952 the 3rd Mel's in San Francisco opened for business.  Located at 3355 Geary Street near Beaumont St., the drive-in employed Weiss' son, Steve who worked as a soda jerk during high school and then later operated the restaurant. 

In the mid-1950s California became the North American state with the highest rate of car ownership in the nation. Witnessing the growth of the automobile culture, Mel Weiss and Harold Dobbs began expanding the San Francisco-car service based restaurant into a successful chain.  By 1954 the Mels franchise was pulling in about $4 million annually. It was estimated by Weiss that they were cooking up 15-20,000 hamburgers a day.  But, the menu consisted of many more items than just the MelburgerAlong with the proverbial beverages, desserts and fountain specials, the Chicken Pot Pie for .85 cents was a popular item. In fact, the choices of American-style food were almost endless. Depending on the individual restaurant location, one could order Half Fried Spring Chicken (like mother used to make), Roast Young Tom Turkey, Fried Jumbo Prawns, a Chef's Salad Bowl, Thick Top Sirloin Steak & Eggs with potatoes or sandwiches such as the Mels' Pore Boy, (with a full pound of choice ground beef on a quarter loaf of French bread served with salad).  

 Waitresses at the Mels on Geary Street pause to smile for the camera. The location became a Pacific Stereo store for many years beginning in the late-1970s, but then reverted to it's iconic self once more in 1984, before the turn of the century.

Motivated by the success of their first drive-in, in July of 1951 Mel Weiss and Steve Dobbs opened their second Mels on Mission & Geneva in San Francisco.
Mels became a fixture of contemporary life, with lurid neon lighting, carhops, and a pre-fast food menu. During the 1950s and '60s you could find one or more Mels drive-ins located throughout Northern California, in San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, Sacramento, San Jose, Walnut Creek, and Salinas.  
A typical billboard advertising 3 Mels locations in San Francisco.  circa 1950s
Mels @ 16th & E. Santa Clara, San Jose, CA.

 Mels Bowl @ 2580 El Camino, Redwood City, CA. (Opened:1960.  Closed: 2011)

At one point Mels also ran several bowling alleys and restaurant complexes.  Mels also branched off into a second chain called KINGS.  The Kings restaurants were located on the Peninsula south of San Francisco.  

On April 21, 1952 another Mel's opened for business at 909 South Main, in Salinas, CA.  photo: c.1955.
During the 1950s Mels' was a thriving franchise and was an example of capitalism at its best however, as the end of the decade had begun to give way to the turbulent 1960s, the reputation of  Mels Drive-In was not to go unscathed.   To find out more click on the Mels menu below to go to part 2.


  • Bayer, Patricia. Art Deco Architecture. London: Thomas and Hudson, Ltd., 1992.
  • Burger Chain Delivers Mels on Wheels Cruising Modesto. The Modesto Bee.  Oct. 5, 1991.
  • California Living Magazine, November 20, 1983.
  • Freeman, Jo. From Freedom Now! to Free Speech: How the 1963-64 Bay Area Civil Rights demonstrations Paved the Way to Campus Protest.  Website.  Retrieved 8/13/2012. 
  • Freeman, Jo. At Berkeley in the Sixties: Education of an Activist, 1961-1965. Indiana University Press
  • Hurley, Andrew. Diners, Bowling Alleys and Trailer Parks. New York: Basic Books, 2001.
  • Mels Drive-in Web Page.  Retrieved 8/12/2012.
  • Obituaries. San Francisco Chronicle. August 18, 1994. H. Dobbs, Began Famed Drive-in Eatery.  Sun  Retrieved 1/27/2013.
  • Online Archive of California; Specialty Real Estate Web Page. Retrieved Sept. 6, 2012.


  1. What is the large flat rectangular building behind Mel's Drive In, the large neon sign is mounted on this building wall? Anything to do with the diner, or is it another business, perhaps the welding shop shown in the land plat?

    1. It is my understanding that the building was used for storage (and perhaps cooking) and is part of Mels.